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S. A. Haider
FASc, FNA, FNASc
J. C. Bose National Fellow

Senior Professor and Honorary Scientist 'A' of Planetary Sciences Division
E-mail: haider@prl.res.in
Telephone: +91-79-2631 4555 / 2631 4950

Research Interests

  • Atmosphere, ionosphere and magnetosphere of Mars
  • Aurora and airglow emissions in the Martian atmosphere
  • Chemistry and meteoric material in the lower ionosphere of Mars
  • Cometary dust and Coma

  • The objective of this research is to study theoretical aspects of Martian and cometary aeronomy such as energetic, dynamics, optical and X-ray emissions in the atmospheres of Mars and comets.

    Future research will include, in addition to the above, studies of planetary magnetospheres (Mercury, Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune) by developing three-dimensional Magneto Hydrodynamic Model (MHD) in the laboratory. This model will describe the magnetopause, shapes, sizes and extension of the tail which were generated by strength and direction of solar wind approaching the planet and interacting with them.

    Academy Awards

  • Elected - Fellow of Indian National Science Academy (FNA)
  • Elected - Fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences (FASc)
  • Elected - Fellow of National Academy of Sciences (FNASc)
  • Elected - J. C. Bose National Fellow
  • Awarded - ISRO-Merit Award 2017
  • President and Chairman of Planetary Sciences

  • President of Planetary Sciences (AOGS) (2012-2014)
  • Chairman of Planetary Sciences Division at PRL (2016-2018)
  • Chairman of C3 Sub-Commision on Planetary Atmospheres and Aeronomy (2018-2022)
  • Main Scientific Organisor (MSO) od COSPAR event C3.2 : Planetary Upper Atmospheres, Ionospheres and Magnetspheres (2018-2022)
  • Member of Professional Societies

  • Member - COSPAR Associate
  • Member - Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS)
  • Member - Indian CAWSES Program
  • Member - Council Member of AOGS
  • Member - Indian Mars Mission Study Team of ISRO
  • Member - American Geophysical Union
  • Member - Indian National Science Academy (INSA)- Sectional Committee IV (Earth and Planetary Sciences) (2017-2018)
  • Member - Programme Advisory Committee (PAC) on Earth and Atmospheric Sciences under DST/SERB (2018-2021)
  • Other Awards and Honours

  • Foundation for Promotion of Sciences (FAPES) Fellowship (2015-2016)
  • Foundation for Promotion of Sciences (FAPES) Fellowship (2008-2009)
  • Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS) Fellowship (2000-2001)
  • Japan Society for Promotion of Science (JSPS) Fellowship (1999)
  • Post Doctoral Fellowship from Russian Academy of Sciences (1989-1990)
  • Editorial Activity

  • Guest Editor - Planetary and Space Science (2012)
  • Editor – Geoscience Letters
  • Review articles

  • S.A. Haider and K.K. Mahajan (2014), Lower and upper ionosphere of Mars, Space Sci. Rev., DOI 10.1007/s11214-014-0058-2
  • S.A. Haider, K.K. Mahajan and Esa Kallio (2011), Mars Ionosphere: A Review of experimental Results and Modeling Studies, Rev. of Geophys., 49, RG4001, doi:10.1029 /2011RG000357
  • S.A. Haider and R.P. Singhal (1994),Planetary Atmospheric Studies, Adv. in Space Res. in India, edited by R.K. Varma, Diamond Jubilee Pub., Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, page 69-98
  • Books, including edited ones

  • S.A. Haider, Varun Sheel and Shyam Lal (2010), Modeling of planetary atmospheres,Published by Macmillan, India Ltd., page 1-361
  • Kasaba,Y.,G.M. Caro, T. Ito, P. Hartogh, C.Y. Robert and S.A. Haider (2010), Advances in Geosciences, Published by World Scientific Company, Singapore, 19, page 1-680
  • Internal Scientific Reports

  • S.A. Haider (1999), Ionization and airglow in Martian atmosphere, Scientific Report, published by Indian Space Research Organization (India), Technical Report No: ISRO-PRL-TR-100-99, page 1-67
  • Recent Publications

    1. S. A. Haider, J. Masoom, Modeling of diffuse aurora due to precipitation of H+ - H and SEP electron in the nightside atmosphere of Mars: Monte Carlo simulation and MAVEN observations (2019) , J. Geophys. Res., (in press)
    2. N. Venkateswara Rao, V. Leelavathi, P. Mohanamansa, S. A. Haider and S. V. B. Rao, Enhanced ionization in magnetic anomaly regions of the Martian lower ionosphere associated with dust storms (2019) , J. Geophys. Res., 124, 3007-3020
    3. S. A. Haider, Jayesh P. Pabari, J. Masoom, Siddhi Y. Shah ,Schumann resonance frequency and conductivity in the nighttime ionosphere of Mars: A source for lightning (2019),Adv. Space Res., 63, 2260-2266
    4. S. A. Haider, Siddhi Y. Shah, J. Masoom and S. Bougher ,Effect of dust storm and GCR impact on the production rate of O3+ in MY28 and MY29: Modeling and SPICAM observation (2019),J. Geophys. Res., 124, 2271-2282
    5. Thirupathaiah, P., Siddhi Y. Shah, and S.A. Haider , Characteristics of solar X-ray flares and their effects on the ionosphere and human exploration to Mars: MGS radio science observations (2019),Icarus, 330, 60-74
    6. Masoom P. Jethwa, S.A. Haider, and Macro Giuranna , Response of dust storm to radiative transfer modeling for infrared thermal emission on Mars: PFS/MEX observation (2019),Ind. J. Radio & Space Phys. (in press)
    7. J.P.Pabari, S.A.Haider, B.M.Pandya, R.K.Singh, A.Kumar, D.K.Patel, A.Bogavelly , Orbital altitude dust at Mars, its implication and a prototype for its detection (2018),Planetary and Space Science, 161, 68-75
    8. Varun Sheel and S.A. Haider, Long-term variability of dust optical depths on Mars during MY24–MY32 and their impact on subtropical lower ionosphere: Climatology, modeling, and observations (2016) , J. Geophys. Res., 121, 8038-8054, doi: 10.1002/2015JA022300
    9. S.A. Haider, I. S. Batista, M. A. Abdu, A. M. Santos, Siddhi Y. Shah, and P. Thirupathaiah, Flare X-ray photochemistry of the E region ionosphere of Mars (2016), J. Geophys. Res., 121, 6870-6888, doi: 10.1002/jgra.52737
    10. S.A. Haider, I.S. Batista, M.A.Abdu, P. Muralikrishna, Siddhi Y. Shah and T. Kuroda (2015), Dust storm and electron density in the equatorial D region ionosphere of Mars: Comparison with Earth’s ionosphere from rocket measurements in Brazil, J. Geophys. Res.120, 8968-8977, doi:10.1002/2015JA021630
    11. S.A. Haider and B.M. Pandya , Probing of meteor showers at Mars during the encounter of Comet C/2013 A1: Predictions for the arrival of MAVEN/Mangalyaan (2015), Geoscience Lett., 2-8, Doi:10.1186/s40562-015-0023-2
    12. S.A. Haider and K.K. Mahajan , Lower and upper ionosphere of Mars (2014), Space Sci. Rev.,Doi: 10.1007/s11214-014-0058-2
    13. Pandya, B.M. and S.A. Haider, Numerical simulation of the effects of Meteoroid ablation and solar EUV/X-ray radiation in the dayside ionosphere of Mars: MGS/MEX observations (2014), J.Geophys.Res. , 119, 9228-9245, Doi: 0.102/2014JA020063
    14. S.A. Haider, B.M. Pandya and G.J. Molina-Cuberos , Nighttime ionosphere caused by meteoroid ablation and solar wind electron-proton hydrogen impact on Mars: MEX observation and modeling (2013), J.Geophys. Res., 118,1-9, doi:10.1002/jgra.50590
    15. Varun Sheel, S.A. Haider, Paul Withers, K. Kozarev, I. Jun, S. Kang, G. Gronoff and Simon Wedlund, Numerical Simulation of the effects of a solar energetic particle event on the ionosphere of Mars (2012), J. Geophys.Res., 117, A0312, doi:10.1029/2011 JA017455 .
    16. S.A. Haider, S.M.P. Mckenna-Lawlor, C.D. Fry, Rajmal Jain and K.N.Joshipura, Effects of solar X-ray flares in the E region ionosphere of Mars: First model results (2012), J. Geophys. Res. 117, A05326, doi:10.1029/2011JA017436 .
    17. S.A. Haider, Role of X-ray flares and CME in the E region ionosphere of Mars: MGS observations (2012), Planet. Space Sci., 63, 56-61 .
    18. Varun Sheel and S.A. Haider, Calculated production and loss rates of ions due to impact of galactic cosmic rays in the lower atmosphere of Mars , (2012), Planet. Space Sci., 63, 94-104.
    19. B.M. Pandya and S.A. Haider, Meteor impact perturbation in the lower ionosphere of Mars: MGS observations (2012), Planet. Space Sci., 63, 105-109 .
    20. S.A. Haider, K. K. Mahajan and Esa Kallio, Mars Ionosphere: A Review of Experimental Results and Modeling Studies (2011), Rev. of Geophys., 49, RG4001, doi:10.1029 /2011RG000357 .
    21. S.A. Haider, V. Sheel, M. D. Smith, W. C. Maguire and G. J. Molina-Cuberos, Effect of dust storms on the D region of the Martian ionosphere: Atmospheric electricity (2010), J. Geophys. Res., 115, A12336, doi:10.1029/2010JA016125 .
    22. S.A. Haider, S. P. Seth, D. A. Brain, D. L. Mitchell, T. Majeed and S. W. Bougher, Modeling photoelectron transport in the Martian ionosphere at Olympus Mons and Syrtis Major: MGS observations (2012), J. Geophys. Res., 115, A08310, doi:10.1029/2009JA014968 .

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